Steel drawer slide piece roll forming machines are used to produce the rolled metal profiles that make up the sliding mechanisms in drawer systems. This efficient technology transforms steel strips into precision formed components vital for furniture and storage products.
This comprehensive guide will provide a detailed overview of steel drawer slide piece roll forming machine working principles, types, components, specifications, design factors, installation, operation, suppliers, costs, advantages, limitations, and more.
Introduction to Steel Drawer Slide Piece Roll Forming Machines
Steel drawer slide roll forming is the process of converting coiled steel strips into the rolled profiles needed to manufacture sliding drawer systems. The metal strips are progressively passed through a series of roller dies to form parts like slide channels, ball retainers, central guides, etc.
As the strip moves ahead through each stand, it is gradually shaped by the contouring rollers into the required cross-section profile. The formed parts then move to a cutoff press for cutting to the proper length. Drawer slide roll forming provides efficient automated production of precision metal profiles.
Key benefits of drawer slide roll forming technology:
- High productivity and output volumes
- Ability to create complex custom profiles
- Consistent dimensional accuracy of parts
- Minimal material wastage
- Quick changeover between different profiles
- Low operating costs
Based on configuration, different types of steel drawer slide roll forming machines are available.
Major Applications of Steel Drawer Slide Piece Roll Forming Machines
Steel drawer slide roll forming systems are ideal for high volume production of:
|Drawer slide channels||Rolled profiles for drawer movement|
Stable sliding mechanism
|Ball retainers||Holds ball bearings for smooth sliding|
|Central guides||Maintains alignment of moving parts|
Ensures smooth operation
|Housing profiles||Covers and protects slide components|
Provides structural rigidity
|Decorative trims||Covers visible edges|
Enhances visual appeal
These critical components are needed in all types of sliding drawer systems used in furniture, cabinets, workstations etc.
Steel drawer slide roll forming machines are classified based on configuration:
|Single-head||One forming section|
For simple profiles
|Dual-head||Two forming sections|
Increased profile capability
|Multi-head||Multiple forming stands|
For complex profiles
|With decoiler||Integrated coil holding|
More forming heads and integration of decoiler unit allows higher forming complexity, automation, and throughput.
Main Components of Steel Drawer Slide Piece Roll Forming Machines
Major components of steel drawer slide roll forming systems:
|Decoiler unit||Holds steel coil, feeds into process|
|Feeding tables||Support and guide strip|
|Forming sections||Progressively shape the profiles|
|Punching unit||Punches holes if needed|
|Cutoff press||Cuts to length after forming|
|Control panel||Controls machine operation|
|Base frame||Provides rigid support|
Additional units like embossing, bending, and hemming can also be incorporated based on specific profile requirements.
Technical Specifications of Steel Drawer Slide Piece Roll Forming Machines
The main technical parameters for steel drawer slide roll forming machines:
|Forming speed||10 – 20 m/min|
|Material thickness||0.5 – 2 mm steel|
|Strip width||Up to 80 mm|
|Roller diameter||100 – 150 mm|
|Number of heads||1 to 6|
|Drives||Electric servo, hydraulic|
|Power consumption||10 – 30 kW|
|Voltage||220/440 V, 3 phase|
|Production rate||600 – 1200 pcs/hr|
Higher speeds, power, and number of stands increase overall production rate and capabilities.
Design Aspects for Steel Drawer Slide Piece Roll Forming Machines
Key design factors for steel drawer slide roll forming systems:
|Profile shapes||Channel, ball track, guide rails|
|Size range||Thickness, width, length|
|Metal properties||Grade, thickness, coatings|
|Production needs||Speed and output requirements|
|Secondary operations||Cutting, punching, bending, etc.|
|Automation level||Coil loading/unloading, part handling|
|Safety||Guards, emergency stops, sensors|
The machine is designed based on the profiles, sizes, metals, and production volumes required.
Standards and Codes for Steel Drawer Slide Piece Roll Forming Machines
Steel drawer slide roll forming equipment must comply with:
|ISO 9001||Quality management system|
|CE||Safety certification for Europe|
|ANSI||Machine safety standards in USA|
|ASTM A568||Steel sheet standards|
|EN 10130||Cold rolled steel specs|
|ISO 7571||Drawer slide testing|
These regulations ensure the formed parts meet the required quality, safety and consistency standards.
Installation of Steel Drawer Slide Piece Roll Forming Machines
Proper installation is vital for efficient functioning:
|Site preparation||Flat, leveled flooring|
Enough working space
|Positioning||According to layout drawings|
Align machine sections
Anchor machine body
|Assembly||Assemble parts as per manual|
Install safety guards
|Electricals||Power cable connections|
|Trial runs||Test functioning|
Set process parameters
Initial sample production
Sufficient space is required for coil and part handling during the process.
Operation and Maintenance of Steel Drawer Slide Piece Roll Forming Machines
Efficient functioning requires:
|<ul><li>Skilled operators</li><li>Safe material handling</li><li>Set process settings </li><li>Inspect formed parts</li></ul>||<ul><li>Daily cleaning</li><li>Lubricate bearings</li><li>Check belt tension</li><li>Gearbox oil levels</li><li>Replace worn parts</li></ul>|
Preventive maintenance activities as per schedule optimize performance.
How to Select a Steel Drawer Slide Piece Roll Forming Machine Supplier
Key factors for choosing reliable equipment suppliers:
|Machine range||Models matching requirements|
|Production capacity||Required output rates|
|Customization||Flexibility for special profiles|
|Quality||ISO certified manufacturing|
|Experience||Years in business, clientele|
|Expertise||Technical support for design|
|After-sales service||Installation, training, maintenance|
|Spare parts||Availability of wear parts|
|Pricing||Competitive and transparent|
Select a technologically capable manufacturer who can provide the right solution.
Costs of Steel Drawer Slide Piece Roll Forming Machines
Typical price range:
|Machine Type||Price Range|
|Standard single head||$30,000 – $50,000|
|Dual head unit||$50,000 – $80,000|
|Multi-head with decoiler||$100,000 – $250,000|
|Fully automatic line||Above $300,000|
Costs vary based on automation level, speed, precision, and overall capabilities.
Pros and Cons of Steel Drawer Slide Piece Roll Forming Machines
|High production speeds|
Low operating costs
Minimal material wastage
Consistent profile quality
|High initial investment|
Fixed tooling per profile
Size limits of coils
Skilled workers needed
Large space requirement
Automated roll forming improves efficiency but requires significant initial expenditure.
|What materials can be formed?||Cold rolled steel, galvanized steel primarily|
|What profiles are possible?||Channel, rails, housings, trims etc.|
|What lengths can be formed?||Up to 2000 mm long parts|
|What motors are used?||AC servo, hydraulic motors|
|What controls are used?||PLC, HMI for automatic models|
|What maintenance is required?||Regular cleaning, lubrication, parts replacement|
|What safety aspects are needed?||Guards, emergency stop circuits|
|What floor space is optimal?||Around 400 sq.ft for a standard machine|
|What affects the machine cost?||Number of heads, automation, speed|
Steel drawer slide piece roll forming machines enable efficient automated production of the various profiles and components needed to manufacture sliding drawer systems. With the flexibility to make complex custom shapes, they are ideal for high volume manufacturing of precision drawer slide parts.
Selecting the right capabilities based on output rate and profile needs is important. With their high productivity and competitive pricing, steel drawer slide roll formers present a profitable forming solution for furniture hardware producers.